Articles for Audiophiles by Steve Deckert
AUDIO PAPER #36
OPTIMAL DIMENSIONS for a LISTENING ROOM
by Steve Deckert
The very first thing one should consider when choosing or building a room for dedicated listening is it's physical dimensions. This alone will effect sound quality more than any other factor. I know, I learned this the hard way - more than once.
My listening room at our second shop was based on no engineering whatsoever. I knew it would be a bad room before I started. I thought this would be ideal for evaluating our amps in a handicapped environment (the real world) and would prove more enlightening than a perfect room (which few people have).
Well to make a long story short, the bad room and served its purpose admirably until about 2 years later when I simply couldn't stand it anymore. After re-reading my Masters Handbook on Acoustics by Alton Everest, I was inspired to remodel the room, especially after I realized that it was physically possible to change it's dimensions to exactly fit one of the optimal formulas below:
The optimal dimensions for a listening room are:
DESIGN OPTION A ) Room Width = 1.14 x Height and Room Length = 1.39 x Height
DESIGN OPTION B ) Room Width = 1.28 x Height and Room Length = 1.54 x Height
DESIGN OPTION C ) Room Width = 1.60 x Height and Room Length = 2.33 x Height
They key in this room was the drop ceiling. Above it I had almost another 12 inches meaning I could go for a 9 foot ceiling height, change two walls and be done.
The new room became Design Option B.
The ceiling height was changed from 8 feet to 8.83 feet (106 inches) That was as close to 9 feet as I could get it. Everything keys off the ceiling height. The width was changed from 12 feet to 11.3 feet. (8.83 x 1.28) The length was changed from 22 feet to 13.6 feet. (8.83 x 1.54)
Here is a pic of the old 12 x 22 room. It had indoor-outdoor carpet glued to a concrete floor, drywall walls, a suspended dropped ceiling tile ceiling. It also has some diffusers and bass traps on the front wall.
This room had virtually no bass. It was bad.
Fast forward a little bit, and here is a picture of the new room.
It has a 6 foot opening at one end with the remainder of the original listening room just on the other side. Flanking the opening with a pair of speakers gives the sound stage almost infinite depth.
So as you can see, the room was actually made smaller. The difference in sound is amazing. The two rooms can't even be compared the differences are so vast.
The results of this near perfect room were easily measured and it has elevated the sound of my stereo to a point far beyond what it was. Speakers, amps, sources, cables, power conditioners, and tweaks didn't make enough of a difference in the original room to be worth while when compared to the difference this room made using the exact same combinations of gear.
Let me drive this home a little harder... An audiophile upgrades to a $4500.00 source and sees a 15 % improvement in the overall sound of his system.. Then we take him back in time and have him keep his original source, but change rooms on him to something like the room we just created. As a result of the room alone, he now hears a 40% improvement in the overall sound of his system. Then we get him the $4500.00 source he wanted and because he is able to accurately hear it in his new room, he realizes that it makes more like a 25% improvement - not 15%. ! The end result gives him a total 65% improvement over what he had.
The remodeled room material cost was around $1000.00 with treatments. After spending many weeks with his new room and system the man hears into everything farther and finds out that certain cables he thought he liked he actually doesn't like anymore, and on it goes. If you're accurately going to judge a beauty contest it helps to have 20/20 vision.
So study the formulas. See if adjusting a wall or ceiling a few inches or feet can put you into a ideal room dimension. Don't worry about it getting smaller or larger than it is now, it really won't matter. As long as the room fits one of the three formulas it will sound better than good.